Many realize it was built largely by Chinese immigrants for the Central Pacific and Irish for the Union Pacific. The railroad was the end, and the beginning, of a culture of people who had no control of their destiny except to conform and live. Elko was established in 1868 in anticipation of the Central Pacific Railroad's arrival. As in war, the longer the contest continued, the more ruthless the leaders of the competing railroads became toward their common laborers. The Daily Alta California, a 19th-century San Francisco newspaper, wrote the following day: "In the face of natural obstacles of the most forbidding character, the shores of the Atlantic and the Pacific are at last practically united by an iron highway spanning the continent...From henceforth we are in the Union and of it, and the great event of the age has brought us all home at last.". However, with the railroad's arrival the town moved to Reese River Siding, bringing its name with it. By 1884, the group owned all 4,711 miles of standard-gauge railroad in California. The city expanded eastward and began to merge with the older part of town and a new railroad depot. A sizeable population of Chinese immigrants who worked on the railroad returned to Elko after they finished laying the tracks in 1869. The actual naming of the town came earlier, named after a chief of the Piute tribe. The railroad reached the region Sept. 16, 1868, and was officially opened to Winnemucca three weeks later. Sparks is still known as Rail City, and the rail yard continues its vital role in the entire valley's economy. The arrival of the Central Pacific Railroad through Pershing County in 1868 changed the history of Lovelock. Despite the boom-and-bust cycle of mining, Reno leveraged its role as a transportation hub and grew into the state's largest town. "Lin" is the common Celtic generic term for "spring" or "pool" as well as for "ravine" or "precipice. The farms, lots and corrals are fenced; every kind of modern farm machinery is in use, and from all wandering, useless being, the noble Red Man has become an independent farmer, and some of them are getting rich.". The construction of this great road took 6 long years between 1863-1869. Today, the city has a population of just over 3,600 residents. Before it became Colfax, this important railroad town was first called Alder Grove and then later Illinoistown by a group of miners from Illinois. This weekâs âHell On Wheelsâ saw a winner declared in the race to the end of the line. Central Pacific had graded eighty miles to the east that it never would cover and the Union Pacific had wasted a million dollars on grading west of the meeting-place that it could not use. It eventually had two hotels, five stores, two stables, two blacksmith shops and a brewery. When the railroads intersected Jan. 29, 1864, the area where they met was designated "Junction" on railroad maps. In 1862, when President Abraham Lincoln signed the Pacific Railroad Act, he set in motion the Great Railroad Race between the Union Pacific Railroad and the Central Pacific Railroad. It spawned the birth of Corinne in the heartland of the Shoshone domain, a development that from its beginning proved to be problematic to the Indians. Rocklin, in turn, needed the railroad to transport granite produced in its quarries. To make the deal more enticing, it offered to pick up and move — free of charge — every house in Wadsworth and reassemble it in this new town. Books Interactive map tells the story along the way. He died in November 1863 after contracting typhoid fever while crossing Panama. The transcontinental route reached what would become the town of Rocklin on June 6, 1864. Central Pacific construction engineer Joseph M. Graham drove the first stake in surveying the new town April 1, 1868. The town purportedly was named after a Paiute chief who yelled "Tro-kay," meaning "everything is alright," when encountering a party of immigrants. Elko became a critical distribution point for the Central Pacific in northeastern Nevada, and was quickly established as the central business hub for the otherwise desolate Elko County. It took some 350 men with 30 carts and 35 wagons to complete the embankment near the bridge, known as the "big fill.". In the 1850s, the Senate ordered the printing of 10,000 copies of topographical surveys, called the Pacific Railroad Route Reports, including one by John Charles Fremont, a member of the corps. It was noted at the time that the Chinese workers did not get sick as often as the other laborers. Earlier, in 1862, Englishman George Lovelock settled in the area, attracted by the fertile soil that made the area suitable for agriculture. In its prime, Rocklin was known as the Granite Capital of the West, and the extensive quarries most likely contributed to the naming of the town. Having weathered two years over Donner Summit, Central Pacific was relieved to finally reach the Truckee staging area in spring 1868. For all the adversity they suffered, the Union Pacific and Central Pacific workers were able to finish the railroadâlaying nearly 2,000 miles of â¦ By March 4, 1869, when Ulysses S. Grant took office as President, it had turned over $1.4 million to Huntington. Some 300 miles of main line track were built in 1865â66 over the flat prairies. This and other stories of assault by incoming workers and settlers posed a great threat to the women of the Tribe and have been passed down through the generations. When Southern Pacific Railroad succeeded Central Pacific as the new owner of the main line across northern Nevada, it decided to realign the tracks. In the 1860s, this valley was known to settlers as Big Meadows because of its abundant grass and water. ", Despite plenty of time to determine a meeting place, it was just a mere month before completion that Congress had finally passed a joint resolution naming Promontory Summit the place "at which rails shall meet and form one continuous line." The "Newcastle Gap" required a bridge spanning about 1,000 feet long and 60 feet high. Many lives were lost as â¦ As the iron rails were winding their way up the steep slope of the Sierra NevadaMountains, large temporary camps were set up to house and feed construction workers, including a large number of Chinese laborers. The town originally had a number of names, including East Reno, Glendale and Harriman, after E.H. Harriman, then president of Southern Pacific. CENTRAL PACIFICâUNION PACIFIC RACECENTRAL PACIFICâUNION PACIFIC RACE, a construction contest between the two railroad companies bidding for government subsidies, land grants, and public favor. Truckee became a major supply stop for both crews and materials needed to extend the railroad into the Nevada desert. Judah did not live to see this momentous event. What was one of the Union Pacificâs worst problems? It marked the return of Roseville as a major West Coast rail center, and perhaps the most important railroad center west of the Mississippi River. Since the new alignment was too far from Wadsworth, Southern Pacific made a rather startling offer to its employees. Those who declined the land were given a promise that they would be taken care of by the "Church." Earlier, in 1885, Southern Pacific Railroad had leased the Central Pacific, and by 1912 Fernley had become the connection point for Southern Pacific’s Westwood branch, which was built as the Fernley & Lassen. The railroad always has been one of the area's most important economic development engines, spurring trade, supporting the growth of the agriculture industry and ancillary businesses, increasing residential development and serving as a major employer with a peak of about 6,000 employees in the 1940s and 1950s. The Central Pacific portion of the Transcontinental Railroad had difficulty finding workers. The town remained the terminus of the line for more than a year. By the end of 1867, the Central Pacific Railroad had laid about 100 miles of track. Second, in the 1890s, the mill generated the town's first electricity using a power-producing system associated with the milling process. The new route bypassed the town of Wadsworth, which for 40 years had controlled the roundhouse and maintenance facilities of Central Pacific. The completion of the railroad made matters worse. The rails came through on Christmas Eve that year and served as the east end terminus. But a decline was avoided when the Central Pacific Railroad reached Auburn on May 13, 1865. They had a saw mill and made their own bricks. These communities endured great upheaval, surviving in spite of harsh conditions and a changing cultural landscape. It started with the signing of the Pacific Railway Act of 1862 by President Abraham Lincoln. These settlers developed the area into a large mining community. In 1996, Union Pacific acquired Southern Pacific Railroad (which by then had absorbed Central Pacific and California Central), and began a $145 million expansion program in Roseville. The entire city, schools and parks grew up around the rail yard. The area's name was later changed to Roseville because, according to a popular story, there was an abundance of wild roses growing nearby. Truckee continued growing and prospering along the Central Pacific line, supporting transportation for a burgeoning logging industry. Authored by: And so, The Great Race began. The revitalized Historic Old Town and Downtown Roseville include a rail yard viewing platform. The race was not just about the railroad. A major trestle was constructed, which now passes over Interstate 80 and has become one of Auburn's most recognizable symbols. Thomas the Tank Engine Coloring Pages For younger children. On that day, the dream of a transcontinental railroad became a reality when the railheads of the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads finally met at Promontory Summit, Utah. Battle Mountain became a significant shipping point for cattle ranches in the adjacent Pumpernickel and Reese River valleys. On Jan. 8, 1863, ground was broken in Sacramento for the eastbound sections of track. A top-ranking Army commander, who was watching the workers' progress with his soldiers, commented that he had never seen such organization, and that "it was just like an army marching over the ground and leaving the track built behind them. Grains of all kinds and lucern are abundant. Winnemucca became a depot for trade with neighboring Idaho, and a stage for the mining region that ran through the city. ... to win woman's suffrage in as many states as possible while campaigning congress to pass a constitutional amendment. In fact, nearby Coeur Rochester was once the world's seventh largest silver producer. First, the company brought water to Elko's municipal water system via a canal built from the Humboldt River about nine miles away. The town was a bustling small metropolis with fashionable Victorian homes and commercial and municipal buildings. A large number of emigrants could now easily reach Utah and compete with the Shoshone and other Indian groups for land and resources. In October 1983, Union Pacific opened new railroad tracks in Elko as a result of "Project Lifesaver" — an effort that relocated two main line railroad tracks from the heart of downtown. By spring 1869, Central Pacific had made it through the mountains and onto the relatively flat land of western Utah, constructing 690 miles of track through some of the most difficult terrain ever encountered by a railroad. At the time, the San Francisco Bulletin called the feat "the greatest work in track laying ever accomplished or conceived by railroad men." Many settlers viewed the Plains Indians as obstacles to be removed. Despite Brigham Youngâs financial commitments to the UPRR, individual Mormons used railroad employment as a way to make ends meet and worked for either railroad company without prejudice. One reason may have been because they boiled their water for tea, and thus, had little or no cases of dysentery. Tribal Elder Helen (Pubigee) Timbimboo recalls that she was told as a young girl to run and hide, they are going to take you or kill you. The Pacific Railroad Act was passed through Congress during the spring of 1862 (the House passed the bill on May 6th by a 79-49 margin while the Senate did the same on June 20th by a 35-5 margin) and signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln on July 1st. In addition to this support, each railroad company received a bounty for each mile of track laid. Along with its various industries, Lovelock's infrastructure grew. In fact, the high school’s sports teams are still known as the Sparks Railroaders, and its logo features a steam train. Sparks is a locomotive and crew change point. Elko had two banks, 45 saloons, three hardware stores, eight doctors, eight attorneys and scores of other businesses. Continuing First North American Transcontinental Railroad Completed, our selection from The Union Pacific Railway by John P. Davis published in 1894. The town of Battle Mountain is named for a mountain to the southwest, where in the early 1860s Native Americans attacked a band of gold seekers. The Champion was the first locomotive into town. Along with this list of backers, Judah took his Sierra Route chart to Washington, D.C. To this day, Lovelock remains one of Nevada's most prosperous agricultural districts. They learned to farm and ranch the land, they helped build the Logan Temple and the Samaria Canal. Its arrival created a whole new section of the community. In 1856, Theodore Judah, who would become Central Pacific Railroad's chief engineer, already had completed the Sacramento Valley Line, running from that city to Folsom, California. Many neat homes are found here. The path to the Summit was hard-fought, perilous and competitive. There was no celebration at Winnemucca then as the grade work and track laying quickly continued to the east. In late April 1869, the Central Pacific, with teams of Irish and Chinese workers, set a record for laying 10 miles and 56 feet of track in 12 hours at Rozel, Utah. The UPRR main line started in Council Bluffs, Iowa and moved west to link up with the Central Pacific Railroad line, which was built eastward from Sacramento. It was the first railroad west of the Missouri River — an impressive achievement — but Judah already was thinking on a grander scale: a transcontinental railroad. The railroad’s arrival and Western settlement expansion caused great changes in the Native American communities calling this region home for thousands of years. Sacramento's deep-water port is accessed by a 43-mile-long channel from San Francisco, making it a hub for transportation and industry. Thereafter, Rocklin granite was used for public buildings throughout the West. Tens of thousands of young Chinese men had come to California for gold and Central Pacific President J. Crocker suggested that the railroad hire these available workers. In 1875, a post office was established and by the turn of the 20th century, the town's population was 1,204, with a school, two churches and an active business district. Although deaths by accidents were higher among the CP's Chinese (between five hundred and a thousand), the UP lost the most workmen from exposure and from diseases contracted in the \"squalid dens of prostitution\" that followed the crews westward. Central Pacific Superintendent Strobridge resisted. Charles Crocker, one of the original backers of the Central Pacific, thought it was a good place for the railway to intersect the stage lines that ran both north and south. He agreed to hire 50 for a month as a trial. The railroad enabled the Washakie Indians to go farther and see sights that would have taken them days or months to see. Scores of dignitaries, railroad executives, and journalists witnessed the momentous event. In 1875, the Elko Water and Flour Milling Company opened and would soon be responsible for modernizing the town in two important ways. Auburn got its name in 1849 by miners from Auburn, New York, who journeyed to the area prospecting for gold. The speaker of the house at the time, Schuyler Colfax, was sent by President Abraham Lincoln to check the progress of the tracks. Soon after the freight depot was set up, another resident, Daniel Van Treese, purchased lots in the area and built Roseville’s first hotel. Agriculture — particularly cattle and alfalfa hay — made constant demands on Reno's rail services, creating an immediate economic mainstay for the town. Rocklin became an important point in the building of the railroad. When you see something that you have never seen before, do you become curious or fearful? By November the railroad was completed through Humboldt County. Lake's Crossing became an important point between northern California and the nearby Comstock Lode — the first major silver discovery in the United States. Of all the events that helped shape our nation in the 19th century, few surpassed the importance of what took place on May 10, 1869. Although the Central Pacific had a two-year head start over the Union Pacific, the rough terrain of the Sierra Nevadas limited their â¦ They failed to retain Irish immigrants or to hire Civil War prisoners, freed former slaves or Mexican immigrants as desired. Among them was the Donner Party, who assumed the chief was yelling his own name, and the town became known as Truckee. The Central Pacific Railroad (CPRR) was a rail company chartered by U.S. Congress in 1862 to build a railroad eastwards from Sacramento, California, to complete the western part of the "First Transcontinental Railroad" in North America.Incorporated in 1861, CPRR ceased operation in 1885 when it was acquired by Southern Pacific Railroad as a leased line. Hiding in the shadows so as not to be noticed, who were these strangers? Their diet also may have contributed to their low sickness rate. In December 1913, grading started for the new Fernley Depot, which was completed in August 1914. The arrival of the railroad transformed Newcastle. That line was shut down in 1938. He built a small stage station there, which eventually became a station on the Central Pacific Railroad. Lovelock is situated in a valley with the Humboldt Range to the east and the Trinity and Seven Troughs ranges to the north and west. Through the 1860s, we continued to follow the food gathering traditions, but this changed due to the loss of land to non-Indians moving into the area. The railroad and mining played an important role in the early days of Battle Mountain. For a time after 1868, Truckee boasted the Pacific coast’s second-largest Chinatown due to the many Chinese workers employed by Central Pacific. Residents finally named the new city Sparks in honor of then sitting Nevada Governor John Sparks. Six months after the railroad arrived, development flourished. The first train to go from Sacramento, California — the transcontinental railroad's western starting point — to Reno arrived June 18, 1868. In 1929 it was incorporated into the Modoc line, which connected Fernley with the Southern Pacific at Klamath Falls, Oregon. This accomplishment began as a bet with the Union Pacific, whose men had once laid seven miles of track in one stretch (although they had reportedly worked from 4 a.m. to midnight to complete the task, well beyond a regular day's work). By 1870, Winnemucca was a modern town, with nearly 300 citizens. Like many railroad towns, Lovelock had a thriving Chinese population. These are their stories. Steep winter snows and thick granite plagued the railroad, which often counted progress in inches or feet rather than miles. In reality, the Washakie Indians were "wards" of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, or "Mormons." At the same time, the Act chartered the Union Pacific Railroad Company to build west from the Missouri River. Each contender, therefore, strained to reach Ogden and shut the other out of the Great Basin. ... How did the Central Pacific and Union Pacific railroad companies profit from constructing the railroad? They would experience the coming of the Over Landers between 1830 and 1860; the pioneers in 1847; the Battle Creek battle of Jan. 29, 1863, which became the Battle at Bear River, and in 1990 was changed to the Bear River Massacre; and the completion of the first transcontinental railroad on May 10, 1869.
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