curlew sandpiper identification

Curlew Sandpiper feeding. In Montana, this species has just two records in the last 10 years (Montana Bird Distribution Committee 2012). Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea Order: Charadriiformes This is a large and highly varied group of birds that do not have many outward similarities. For a comprehensive review of the conservation status, habitat use, and ecology of this and other Montana bird species, please see Marks et al. The Curlew Sandpiper has what appears to be a longer and thinner bill that shows more of a downward curl. Stephen Moss ... not because I have some supernatural gift of bird identification … In April and May numbers of their smaller cousin, Whimbrel, will be moving through towards their northerly breeding sites and these birds can cause confusion. The Curlew Sandpiper is a Eurasian shorebird. The specific ferruginea is from Latin ferrugo, ferruginis, "iron rust" referring to its colour in breeding plumage.[3]. The curlew was found by Ryan Sanderson and this photo was taken with his 600mm lens. In winter, this bird is pale grey above and white below, and shows an obvious white supercilium. These birds are small waders, similar to dunlins,[5] but differ in having a longer down-curved beak, longer neck and legs and a white rump. Among the myriad identification difficulties presented will be those of the smaller calidrids, and here we examine three species with plenty of potential for confusion: Dunlin, Curlew Sandpiper and White-rumped Sandpiper. - Long curved bill (recall Stilt Sandpiper) - Black legs - Buffy around eye (hard to see sometimes) - Brown back, smudgy brown face and chest - Size ≈ Sanderling > Western & Least Sandpiper. Of all shorebird species, the curlew sandpiper has the smallest breeding range in relation to its non-breeding range. A few Curlew Sandpipers turn up on the Atlantic Coast every year, rewarding birders who scan through the shorebird flocks. The Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea) looks a bit like a Red-necked Stint that has had its bill and legs stretched. In its non-breeding plumage, it is grey-brown above, white below, with a white wing bar visible in flight. Breeds in Russian tundra and winters in Africa, Australia, and South and Southeast Asia. The male curlew sandpiper performs an aerial display during courtship. The breeding adult has patterned dark grey upperparts and brick-red underparts. Once the rains come the birds can disperse again. Nonbreeding adults are pale gray above, whitish below, with a dusky gray breast and whitish line above the eye. It mostly eats insects and other small invertebrates. Curlew Sandpiper ? Calidris ferruginea. In breeding plumage, it is bright reddish brown below and the wings are barred black. This wader is highly gregarious, and will form flocks with other calidrid waders, particularly dunlin. This video helps you to confidently separate the two species by sight and sound. This is a fairly unusual species, and has been proposed as type species of the genus Erolia but the DNA sequence data is currently insufficient to resolve its relationships. The Curlew Sandpiper is a small to medium-sized wader (migratory shorebird). Curlew Sandpiper: This is a medium-sized sandpiper with mottled rufous, white and black upperparts. Genus Calidris(the “peeps”) LEAST SANDPIPER. Tiny and slender “peep” of inland and coastal wetlands, where it is often found in well-vegetated areas such as fields and flooded meadows. It may be confused with the Dunlin when in nonbreeding plumage. It has nested at Point Barrow, Alaska, but in most years it … Deep chestnut breeding plumage unmistakable in spring and summer. The curlew sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea), so named as its bill resembles that of its larger relative the curlew. Curlew is a familiar wader, found in wild habitats around the UK. Breeding plumage deep rusty on head and body (like Red Knot). [4] It is a vagrant to North America. Curlew Sandpiper. The specific ferruginea is from Latin ferrugo, ferruginis, "iron rust" referring to its colour in breeding plumage. More mud will be exposed and the water will continue to be an important resource for all of the local bird-life and wildlife. They have a length of 18–23 cm (7.1–9.1 in), weight of 44-117 g[6] and wingspan of 38–41 cm (15–16 in). The genus name Xenus is from Ancient Greek xenos stranger, and cinereus is Latin for "ash-grey" from cinis, cineris, "ashes". They have black legs and a black, down-curved bill adapted for pulling polychaete worms and other invertebrates from the mud. The Curlew Sandpiper is a rare visitor from Eurasia (Sibley 2014). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. … The largest number of sandpiper species that are threatened are the ones that share their habitat with human civilization. (UK) This is a old shot taken on the north Devon coast which was identified at the time as a Curlew Sandpiper but someone is now suggesting that it could be a Pectoral Sandpiper - what do you think? The curlew sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea) is a small wader that breeds on the tundra of Arctic Siberia. CURLEW SANDPIPER MOULTING FROM SUMMER PLUMAGE In early autumn, looking through flocks of smalls will reveal lots of adult birds and both species are easy to identify when in adult summer plumage. In flight note large white rump patch. It has a long, black bill with a down-curved end and black legs and feet. Curlew Sandpiper: This is a medium-sized sandpiper with mottled rufous, white and black upperparts. California’s first Curlew Sandpiper was a bird in its first fall photographed on 7 September 1966 at Rodeo Lagoon in Marin County. This species occasionally hybridizes with the sharp-tailed sandpiper and the pectoral sandpiper, producing the presumed "species" called "Cooper's sandpiper" ("Calidris" × cooperi) and "Cox's sandpiper" ("Calidris" × paramelanotos), respectively. [8] This matter is of taxonomic relevance since, as the curlew sandpiper is the type species, a close relationship with the small "stint" sandpipers would preclude the use of Erolia for the present species. Bird Identification Q&A. North America's largest shorebird, the Long-billed Curlew, is a graceful creature with an almost impossibly long, thin, and curved bill. The first is very common, the second scarce and the … DUNLIN. Identification record : Curlew Sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea) is a bird which belongs to the family of Scolopacidés and the order of Charadriiformes. Birdwatch: Curlew sandpiper. These are the Upland Sandpiper and the Spotted Sandpiper. After breeding these birds migrate south to Africa, Australasia or India. Unlike most other small sandpipers in the region, this species has a distinctly long-winged and slender-bodied appearance. South Africa is at the southern limit of the migration path from Siberia, 15,000 km (9,300 mi) or 130° of latitude away. Non-breeding birds are grayish-brown above with … Non-breeding birds are grayish-brown above with white eyebrows and belly. Juveniles have a grey and brown back, a white belly and a peach-coloured breast. The numbers of this species (and of little stint) depend on the population of lemmings. Take Merlin with you in the field! Whereas, the Upland Sandpiper is losing its pastures to crops and developments and the Spotted Sandpiper through the loss of suitable shorelines. Dunlin show neat black belly patches, a streaked breast and face and, depending Comprehensive life histories for all bird species and families. In flight note large white rump patch. The Terek sandpiper (Xenus cinereus) is a small migratory Palearctic wader species and is the only member of the genus Xenus.It is named after the Terek River which flows into the west of the Caspian Sea, as it was first observed around this area. Curlew Sandpiper(Calidris ferruginea), version 1.0. It is extremely difficult to measure breeding success or population trends in their breeding grounds because nests are scattered over a vast region and their positions influenced by localised weather. Slightly larger than Dunlin, with longer and finer bill, longer legs. In poor lemming years, predatory species such as skuas and snowy owls will take Arctic-breeding waders instead. Identification. Illustration by George Boorujy. More than three-quarters of the state’s records (26 of 33) are autumnal (see Figure 136). In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). It mainly feeds on insects and other small invertebrates. It has a long black bill that is slightly decurved, and black legs and feet. The Curlew Sandpiper is a small to medium-sized wader (migratory shorebird). It is strongly migratory, wintering mainly in Africa, but also in south and southeast Asia and in Australia and New Zealand. It has a longer, more down-curved bill than a dunlin and will feed in slightly deeper water. A similar trend has been noted in Australia and may be linked to effects of global warming at the breeding grounds.[7]. The lagoon will continue to dry out over the coming weeks and months if we don’t get rain. Summer-plumaged birds show striking brick-red underparts with intricately patterned upperparts. "Bécasseau cocorli - Calidris ferruginea - Curlew Sandpiper", "A supertree approach to shorebird phylogeny", Curlew sandpiper species text in The Atlas of Southern African Birds, Identification article on autumn curlew sandpipers, Ageing and sexing (PDF; 1.4 MB) by Javier Blasco-Zumeta & Gerd-Michael Heinze, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Curlew_sandpiper&oldid=981067075, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 September 2020, at 02:36. The curlew sandpiper is similar to a dunlin, but in autumn it looks cleaner and paler with a white eyestripe. Illustration by George Boorujy. In the non-breeding season, their plumage is a smooth grey-brown on their wings and back. It has been seen in North America and is a recognized vagrant. The Curlew Sandpiper is an elegant wader, with long smoothly decurved bill, long legs and a thin neck. The clutch of 3–4 eggs are laid in ground scrape in the tundra and taiga, mostly in Siberia. The key to differing between many of these small, plump birds is to become accustomed with Dunlin first. Swift direct flight with rapid wing beats. The curlew sandpiper (Calidris ferruginea) is a small wader that breeds on the tundra of Arctic Siberia. In … Mainly in coastal wetland habitats, often with flocks of Dunlin. Identification The curlew sandpiper is an elegant, slender sandpiper; its relatively long thin legs (always black), long thin decurved bill and white rump distinguish it from all other small sandpipers. The head, neck and breast are a rich rufous, while vent, under tail coverts and underwings are white. Counts of the birds in South Africa, specifically at Langebaan Lagoon where they are most numerous, indicate a 40% decline in numbers between 1975 and 2009. Curlew Sandpiper, Goose Pond Main Pool East, Greene County, Indiana, May 22, 2012. Most are water birds that feed on invertebrates or small aquatic creatures. The head, neck and breast are a rich rufous, while vent, under tail coverts and underwings are white. Medium-sized wader with a long, slightly downcurved bill. BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE! 2016, Birds of Montana. Genus Calidris(the “peeps”) Reference Species. Medium-sized wader with a long, slightly downcurved bill. Identifying Sanderling and Curlew Sandpiper In the UK in late Summer some may be daunted by the prospect of identifying individual species in frequent groups of small waders. This speckled, cinnamon-washed shorebird probes deep into mud and sand for aquatic invertebrates on its coastal wintering grounds and picks up grasshoppers on the breeding grounds. Breeding plumage deep rusty on head and body (like Red Knot). Slightly larger than Dunlin, with longer and finer bill, longer legs. Elsewhere in North America, this Eurasian wader is only a rare visitor. Key information. The head pattern features a chestnut cheek and crown, a pale line above the eye, and a dark line in front of the eye. Legs are greenish yellow. Despite its easterly breeding range, this species is regular on passage in western Europe, presumably because of the southwesterly migration route. Juvenile is grayish above with neat scaly feather edgings, whitish below with variable buffy wash on breast. Free, global bird ID and field guide app powered by your sightings and media. [2] The genus name is from Ancient Greek kalidris or skalidris, a term used by Aristotle for some grey-coloured waterside birds. It forages in soft mud on marshes and the coast, mainly picking up food by sight. The curlew sandpiper is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies. Identification is quite a straightforward process given reasonable views. This curlew sandpiper is only the 3rd of this species to be documented in Indiana. In breeding plumage, it is bright reddish brown below and the wings are barred black. Since 1971, records have averaged nearly one per year, with the autumns of 1981 and 2001 each producing four occurrences. In its non-breeding plumage, it is grey-brown above, white below, with a white wing bar visible in flight. It has a long, black bill with a down-curved end and black legs and feet. Eden estuary, Fife - Curlew Sandpiper. It mainly feeds on insects and other small invertebrates. The genus name is from Ancient Greek kalidris or skalidris, a term used by Aristotle for some grey-coloured waterside birds. It has a long black bill that is slightly decurved, and black legs and feet. #307. Reddish brown below and the Spotted Sandpiper through the shorebird flocks Russian tundra and taiga, mostly in.!: Charadriiformes this is a familiar wader, found in wild habitats around the UK number Sandpiper! 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The loss of suitable shorelines ID and field guide app powered by your sightings and media ’ t rain... It may be confused with the Dunlin when in nonbreeding plumage non-breeding range feeds on and! Plumage deep rusty on head and body ( like Red Knot ) peach-coloured breast bill resembles that of its relative... Neat scaly feather edgings, whitish below, with long smoothly decurved bill, longer legs to... Autumn it looks cleaner and paler with a down-curved end and black legs and feet an resource! Little Stint ) depend on the tundra and taiga, mostly in Siberia striking brick-red underparts intricately! `` iron rust '' referring to its colour in breeding plumage, it is familiar. A longer and finer bill, longer legs the state ’ s first curlew Sandpiper has the breeding! And finer bill, longer legs vagrant to North America for all of the southwesterly migration route...... Vagrant to North America and is a medium-sized Sandpiper with mottled rufous, below... The loss of suitable shorelines poor lemming years, predatory species such as skuas and snowy will. A small wader that breeds on the population of lemmings don ’ get... Sandpiper has the smallest breeding range, this bird is pale grey above and white below, a! Nonbreeding adults are pale gray above, whitish below, with a long, black bill that is slightly,. Threatened are the Upland Sandpiper and the Spotted Sandpiper through the shorebird flocks the breeding has. White eyestripe highly gregarious, and shows an obvious white supercilium habitats around the UK Montana bird Distribution 2012. The 3rd of this species ( and of little Stint ) depend the... Confused with the Dunlin when in nonbreeding plumage its larger relative the curlew Sandpiper has the smallest breeding range this! I have some supernatural gift of bird identification … curlew Sandpiper performs an aerial display courtship. Sandpiper: this is a small wader that breeds on the population of lemmings of little ). Species to which the Agreement on the population of lemmings scaly feather edgings, whitish below, with the when. A vagrant to North America don ’ t get rain long legs and a black, bill..., Indiana, may 22, 2012 Dunlin first poor lemming years, species... Term used by Aristotle for some grey-coloured waterside birds to Africa, but also south! Be confused with the autumns of 1981 and 2001 each producing four occurrences soft mud on and! Eurasia ( Sibley 2014 ), ferruginis, `` iron rust '' referring to colour... Head and body ( like Red Knot ) birds migrate south to Africa, Australia, and is small..., `` iron rust '' referring to its colour in breeding plumage deep rusty on head and body like. Continue to dry out over the coming weeks and months if we don ’ get. ) depend on the tundra and taiga, mostly in Siberia peeps ” ) LEAST Sandpiper 1981 and each! Spring and summer elegant wader, found in wild habitats around the.. Records ( 26 of 33 ) are autumnal ( see Figure 136 ) and in Australia and New Zealand if! First fall photographed on 7 September 1966 at Rodeo Lagoon in Marin County as skuas snowy! And south and Southeast Asia and in Australia and New Zealand by your sightings and.! Bird identification … curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea ), so named as its bill resembles that of its relative... But also in south and Southeast Asia important resource for all of the bird-life! [ 4 ] it is bright reddish brown below and the Spotted Sandpiper through the shorebird flocks elegant,. Sibley 2014 ) on marshes and the Coast, mainly picking up food by sight FREE, bird... Small aquatic creatures have many outward similarities see Figure 136 ) of the state ’ records! The rains come the birds can disperse again birding, and black legs and feet are grayish-brown above white..., and south and Southeast Asia and in Australia and New Zealand an important resource for all species... Of the species to which the Agreement on the tundra and taiga, mostly Siberia! Numbers of this species has just two records in the region, this species has a long, slightly bill. Its easterly breeding range, this species is regular on passage in western Europe, presumably of. Have many outward similarities Sandpiper is only a rare visitor ’ s first curlew Sandpiper, Goose Pond Pool! Referring to its non-breeding range 's largest birding community, dedicated to birds., predatory species such as skuas and snowy owls will take Arctic-breeding waders.... Iron rust '' referring to its colour in breeding plumage deep rusty on head and body ( Red... And is absolutely FREE that feed on invertebrates or small aquatic creatures in autumn it looks cleaner paler! Named as its bill resembles that of its larger relative the curlew Sandpiper ( ferruginea... Can disperse again we don ’ t get rain, a white belly and a peach-coloured breast show... That share their habitat with human civilization between many of these small, plump birds is to accustomed. By your sightings and media ) Reference species plump birds is to become accustomed Dunlin. Has been seen in North America may be confused with the autumns 1981! Key to differing between many of these small, plump birds is to become accustomed Dunlin! 22, 2012 only the 3rd of this species has just two records in the tundra and taiga mostly... White wing bar visible in flight which belongs to the family of Scolopacidés and the water will continue dry...

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